HIV FAQ and HIV Testing Info

What is HIV?

The HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) causes AIDS. The virus operates by targeting and deteriorating the body’s immune system. The body, subsequently, loses its internal protection force and it has a more difficult time dealing with infection and disease. Individuals can contract the virus but not even know, given that indicators might not manifest for several years. Once in your body, HIV is capable of doing significant damage to the immune system. Individuals might appear entirely healthy but still carry HIV and pass it unknowingly to others. An HIV test is the only technique to find out if you have been infected with HIV.

Should I Be Tested for HIV?

Testing is encouraged for people who have engaged in high-risk acts like sharing needles as well as unprotected sex.

How is HIV spread?

Most often, HIV spreads through sex with a companion that is presently infected with the virus. The virus gets into the body through the vaginal lining, penis, mouth, or rectum.

HIV could also be spread by directly coming in contact with HIV infected blood.

Females might spread HIV to their children during pregnancy or through delivery. Close to one-quarter to one-third of HIV-infected women will pass the infection to their infants if they don’t obtain treatment for the virus.

What test is recommended to identify HIV?

HIV/EIA (Elisa)

HIV status is assessed by the EIA (enzyme immunoassay). This particular test searches for antibodies created by the immune system any time an individual is infected with HIV. EIA is not 100% effective immediately after coming in contact with HIV. The HIV antibody takes time in order to reach amounts the EIA test can identify. For this reason, contact our STD counselor to learn if you’re inside the EIA “window period”.

HIV PCR by DNA

HIV generates genetic material which can be found by the HIV PCR by DNA test. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) process takes small quantities of the virus’ DNA and multiplies them exponentially. This permits for the monitoring of the viral load following original infection.

HIV Symptoms

HIV infection indicators. Should you be showing any of these signs or symptoms, please call 1-877-516-4380.

  • Dry cough
  • Weight reduction
  • Diarrhea enduring more than one week
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Strange spots or white spots on your tongue, throat or mouth
  • Lymph glands in your armpits, groin or neck which are inflamed
  • Pneumonia
  • Brown, purple, pink or red blotches found on or beneath skin, inner eyelids, mouth or nose.
  • Depression, forgetfulness, or another neurological conditions

It can be difficult to say definitively the time duration HIV takes to advance to AIDS. It all depends on aspects of each persons lifestyle, age, and immunity to other illnesses. Also, enhanced antiretroviral medicines have increased the time it requires HIV to develop into AIDS.